Selasa, 19 Juni 2012

Benefits of Squash

Squash was first discovered by Patrick Browne in Jamaica in 1756. The species is widely planted in the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In Mexico is not only used chayote fruit, tubers are also used as food sources of carbohydrates.
Chayote fruit is usually cooked as fresh vegetables, vegetable acids. Stem and leaves of young shoots used to make salad / vegetables. Chayote (Sechium edule Sw) is a plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. These plants include vines that can grow on the ground and low-lying plateau, without requiring special care.
Based on the appearance of the fruit, chayote is divided into two varieties, namely varieties of squash and pumpkin varieties of wine.
Benefits of Squash
- Rich in Fiber

Chayote fruit has fiber content is good enough, ie 1.7 g per 100 g. Consumption of adequate amounts of fiber is good for constipation and is safe for sensitive stomach / intestinal inflammation. Dietary fiber may reduce cancer risk due to incomplete digestion system. Dietary fiber can reduce the residence time (transit time) of food from the oral cavity to the rest of the food issued in the form of feces. During his stay in the digestive tract, dietary fiber will bind substances carcinogenic (causing cancer). Thanks to the short transit time of food remaining in the gastrointestinal tract, the carcinogenic substance stays in the body is also shorter, so the chances of cancer is very small.

- Folic acid content in fruit squash is also quite good, which is 93 meg per 100 g. Consumption of 100 grams squash 23.25% is sufficient to meet the body's need for folic acid. Folic acid is essential bg pregnant women because it can reduce the risk of birth defects. Low intake of folic acid in pregnant women is closely linked to low birth weight and the incidence of neural tube defects (brain disorders). Folic acid deficiency anemia is characterized by symptoms, the number of grains of red blood cells is reduced. Folic acid requirement in adults is 400 meg per day. This needs to be doubled in women who are pregnant, and was 50% in the mother is breastfeeding.

- Lower Cholesterol.
Chayote fruit is also rich in potassium. Potassium is useful for the body to control blood pressure, hypertension treatment, and clean the carbon dioxide in the blood. Potassium is useful for working muscles and trigger ganglion. High potassium will also facilitate the delivery of oxygen to the brain and helps accelerate the fluid balance, so a fresh body. In addition, chayote fruit also contains vitamin component is high enough.

- Niacin is part of the vitamin B complex known as vitamin B3, serves to decrease the production of VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) in the liver, so the production of LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and triglycerides may decline. Niacin plays on enzymatic reactions in the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and protein, which is a coenzyme I and coenzyme II. Niacin is needed for energy supply in normal tissues. Severe niacin deficiency after a few months will result in pellagra as well as dermatitis, skin disorder that is distinctive and symmetrical, especially in parts of the body that are not covered such as the hands, arms, elbows, feet, skin, and neck.

- Conjoined Pumpkin is also rich in vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 has an important role in protein metabolism. Vitamin B6 is essential for the process of transamination & deamination and decarboxylation of amino acids. The need to achieve 0.02 mg per day for adults; 0.015 mg for infants; 0.2 to 1.2 for children, and 1.4 to 2 mg for adolescents.

- The content of selenium in the squash is also quite good. Selenium plays an important role to improve the mood. A study in the United States (1996) proved that his people are the lowest selenium levels showed the worst mood. Selenium intake of about 55-70 meg per day is recommended.

Nutrient composition per 100 grams of Pumpkin Siam - The composition of the nutrient content
  • Energy (kcal) ... 17
  • Protein (g) .... 0.82
  • Fat (g) .... 0.13
  • Carbohydrates (g) .... 3.9
  • Fiber (g) ... 1.7
  • Sugar (g) ... 1.85
  • Calcium (mg) ... 17
  • Iron (mg) ... 0.34
  • Magnesium (mg) ... 12
  • Phosphorus (mg) ... 18
  • Potassium (mg) ... 125
  • Sodium (mg) ... 2
  • Zinc (mg) ... 0.74
  • Copper (mg) ... 0.12
  • Manganese (mg) ... 0.19
  • Selenium (mg) ... 0.2
  • Vitamin C ... 7.7
  • Thiamine (mg) ... 0.03
  • Riboflavin (mg) ... 0.03
  • Niacin (mg) ... 0.47
  • Vitamin B6 (mg) ... 0.08
  • Folate (meg) ... 93
  • Vitamin E (meg) ... 0.12
  • Vitamin K (meg) ... 4.6

- Prevent Hypertension.
classified as a heart-healthy diet and blood vessels when it contains the ratio of potassium: sodium of at least 5:1. Every 100 grams of fruit squash containing potassium: sodium ratio of 62:1. In addition, the squash is also known to have diuretic effects, so as to reduce salt levels in the blood via the urine disposal. The reduced levels of salt that is absorbing / holding this water will ease the work of the heart in pumping blood, the blood pressure will decrease.

- Pumpkins Siamese
are also very good for gout sufferers. Diuretic effect of squash will launch urinate, so the excess uric acid can be readily removed from the body

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