Selasa, 19 Juni 2012

Benefits of Squash

Squash was first discovered by Patrick Browne in Jamaica in 1756. The species is widely planted in the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In Mexico is not only used chayote fruit, tubers are also used as food sources of carbohydrates.
Chayote fruit is usually cooked as fresh vegetables, vegetable acids. Stem and leaves of young shoots used to make salad / vegetables. Chayote (Sechium edule Sw) is a plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. These plants include vines that can grow on the ground and low-lying plateau, without requiring special care.
Based on the appearance of the fruit, chayote is divided into two varieties, namely varieties of squash and pumpkin varieties of wine.
Benefits of Squash
- Rich in Fiber

Chayote fruit has fiber content is good enough, ie 1.7 g per 100 g. Consumption of adequate amounts of fiber is good for constipation and is safe for sensitive stomach / intestinal inflammation. Dietary fiber may reduce cancer risk due to incomplete digestion system. Dietary fiber can reduce the residence time (transit time) of food from the oral cavity to the rest of the food issued in the form of feces. During his stay in the digestive tract, dietary fiber will bind substances carcinogenic (causing cancer). Thanks to the short transit time of food remaining in the gastrointestinal tract, the carcinogenic substance stays in the body is also shorter, so the chances of cancer is very small.

- Folic acid content in fruit squash is also quite good, which is 93 meg per 100 g. Consumption of 100 grams squash 23.25% is sufficient to meet the body's need for folic acid. Folic acid is essential bg pregnant women because it can reduce the risk of birth defects. Low intake of folic acid in pregnant women is closely linked to low birth weight and the incidence of neural tube defects (brain disorders). Folic acid deficiency anemia is characterized by symptoms, the number of grains of red blood cells is reduced. Folic acid requirement in adults is 400 meg per day. This needs to be doubled in women who are pregnant, and was 50% in the mother is breastfeeding.

- Lower Cholesterol.
Chayote fruit is also rich in potassium. Potassium is useful for the body to control blood pressure, hypertension treatment, and clean the carbon dioxide in the blood. Potassium is useful for working muscles and trigger ganglion. High potassium will also facilitate the delivery of oxygen to the brain and helps accelerate the fluid balance, so a fresh body. In addition, chayote fruit also contains vitamin component is high enough.

- Niacin is part of the vitamin B complex known as vitamin B3, serves to decrease the production of VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) in the liver, so the production of LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and triglycerides may decline. Niacin plays on enzymatic reactions in the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and protein, which is a coenzyme I and coenzyme II. Niacin is needed for energy supply in normal tissues. Severe niacin deficiency after a few months will result in pellagra as well as dermatitis, skin disorder that is distinctive and symmetrical, especially in parts of the body that are not covered such as the hands, arms, elbows, feet, skin, and neck.

- Conjoined Pumpkin is also rich in vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 has an important role in protein metabolism. Vitamin B6 is essential for the process of transamination & deamination and decarboxylation of amino acids. The need to achieve 0.02 mg per day for adults; 0.015 mg for infants; 0.2 to 1.2 for children, and 1.4 to 2 mg for adolescents.

- The content of selenium in the squash is also quite good. Selenium plays an important role to improve the mood. A study in the United States (1996) proved that his people are the lowest selenium levels showed the worst mood. Selenium intake of about 55-70 meg per day is recommended.

Nutrient composition per 100 grams of Pumpkin Siam - The composition of the nutrient content
  • Energy (kcal) ... 17
  • Protein (g) .... 0.82
  • Fat (g) .... 0.13
  • Carbohydrates (g) .... 3.9
  • Fiber (g) ... 1.7
  • Sugar (g) ... 1.85
  • Calcium (mg) ... 17
  • Iron (mg) ... 0.34
  • Magnesium (mg) ... 12
  • Phosphorus (mg) ... 18
  • Potassium (mg) ... 125
  • Sodium (mg) ... 2
  • Zinc (mg) ... 0.74
  • Copper (mg) ... 0.12
  • Manganese (mg) ... 0.19
  • Selenium (mg) ... 0.2
  • Vitamin C ... 7.7
  • Thiamine (mg) ... 0.03
  • Riboflavin (mg) ... 0.03
  • Niacin (mg) ... 0.47
  • Vitamin B6 (mg) ... 0.08
  • Folate (meg) ... 93
  • Vitamin E (meg) ... 0.12
  • Vitamin K (meg) ... 4.6

- Prevent Hypertension.
classified as a heart-healthy diet and blood vessels when it contains the ratio of potassium: sodium of at least 5:1. Every 100 grams of fruit squash containing potassium: sodium ratio of 62:1. In addition, the squash is also known to have diuretic effects, so as to reduce salt levels in the blood via the urine disposal. The reduced levels of salt that is absorbing / holding this water will ease the work of the heart in pumping blood, the blood pressure will decrease.

- Pumpkins Siamese
are also very good for gout sufferers. Diuretic effect of squash will launch urinate, so the excess uric acid can be readily removed from the body

Senin, 11 Juni 2012

Benefits of Dragon Fruit

History of Dragon Fruit Spread
This cactus plant from the State of Mexico, Central America, and North America and is now spread all over the world. In the region of origin is named after the dragon fruit or pitaya roja Pitahaya. Population can often take advantage of this fruit for consumption of fresh fruit served as a dish over the kitchen. But in its development, better known as dragon fruit crop of Asia because it was developed on a large scale in some Asia countries especially countries Vietnam and Thailand. This plant was originally intended as an ornamental plant, because the shape of a triangle and thorny stems short and have a beautiful flower similar to a funnel-shaped flowers Wijayakusuma disenja and start blooming and will bloom at night. That's why this plant is also called blooming cereus night. Name of the dragon fruit dragon fruit or fruit may be due to this has bright red color and has a green skin with fins similar to the figure of a dragon in the imagination of country China. Ancient Chinese people used to present the fruits of this are by putting them between two small dragon statue on the altar table and is believed to bring blessings. 

Classification of Dragon Fruit 
Division: Spermatophyta (seed plants) 
Subdivisions: Agiospermae (seeds enclosed) 
Class: Dicotyledonae (dashed two) 
Order: Cactales Family: 
Cactaceae Subfamily: Hylocereanea 
Genus: Hylocereus 
Species: - Hylocereus undatus (white meat) 
- Hylocereus polyrhizus (red meat) 
- Hylocereus costaricensis (super red meat) 
- Selenicereus megalanthus (yellow skin, no scales) 

Benefits of Dragon Fruit  
Dragon fruit has beneficial properties for human health such as balancing blood sugar levels, protective oral health, prevention of colon cancer, reduce cholesterol, preventing bleeding and treat complaints of vaginal discharge. Dragon fruit is usually consumed as fresh fruit as relieving thirst, because the dragon fruit contains a high water content of about 90% of the weight of the fruit. It was pretty sweet because they contain sugar content reaches 13-18 briks. Dragon fruit can also be presented in the form of juice, fruit juice, jam or preserves maupu various forms of presentation according to your taste. In general, experts agree and acknowledge dragon fruit is rich in potassium, ferum, protein, fiber, sodium and calcium are good for kesihatan versus other fruits are imported. According to AL Leong of Johncola Pitaya Food R & D, an organization that examines the red dragon fruit, honey, cactus fruit is quite rich with a variety of vitamins and mineral substances which greatly helped improve the durability and useful for metabolism in the human body. "Research shows red dragon fruit is very good for the circulatory system, also gives the effect of reducing emotional stress and neutralize toxic in the blood." Research also shows this fruit can prevent colon cancer, in addition to preventing high cholesterol content in the blood and reduce levels of fat in body, "he said. Overall, each of the red dragon fruit contains a protein that is able to increase metabolism and maintain cardiovascular health; fiber (to prevent colon cancer, diabetes and diet); carotene (eye health, strengthen the brain and prevent disease), calcium (bone strengthening). Dragon fruit also contains iron to increase the blood, vitamin B1 (to prevent fever entity); vitamin B2 (add to taste), vitamin B3 (lower cholesterol) and vitamin C (increase slipperiness, smoothness of skin and prevent acne). 

Here is a complete nutritional content of dragon fruit: 
Sugar content: 13-18 briks 
Water: 90% 
Carbohydrates: 11.5 g 
Acid: 0.139 g 
Protein: 0.53 g 
Fiber: 0.71 g 
Calcium: 134.5 mg 
Phosphorus: 8.7 mg 
Magnesium: 60.4 mg 
Vitamin C: 9.4 mg